Salary sacrifice arrangements come from your future before tax income. The amount you sacrifice is up to you and your employer, and usually is set out in a contract.
If you salary sacrifice into a complying super fund, the amount sacrificed is not a fringe benefit for tax purposes or subject to fringe benefits tax. They are however, reportable superannuation contributions.
The Superannuation Guarantee (SG) rules make it compulsory for employers to contribute a minimum percentage (currently 9.5%) of an eligible employee’s earnings base (ordinary time earnings) into superannuation. The minimum percentage is expected to increase to 12% progressively from 1 July 2021 (see our fact sheet ').
Amounts sacrificed will reduce an employee’s base earnings and therefore reduce the level of SG employers are obligated to pay. Both SG payments and salary sacrificed money are considered employer contributions. Therefore amounts sacrificed into super count towards your employer’s SG obligations. Technically this means that a salary sacrifice arrangement can reduce the SG amount an employer has to contribute on your behalf. It is important to fully discuss the salary sacrifice position with your employer.
In making a salary sacrifice to super arrangement, the size of your salary package, and therefore the total cost to the employer, should remain the same. However because your base earnings has been reduced, your employer’s SG obligations are also reduced which may result in a decrease to your overall salary package. This can be avoided by setting up a contract stipulating the terms of the salary sacrifice arrangement. It may be worthwhile to arrange for your employer to reduce the amount they pay you in wages and the amount of tax paid on your behalf while increasing the employer super contribution by the same amount.
Joe earns $50,000 before tax, and his SG contribution is $4,750 making his total salary package $54,750. Joe decides he wants to salary sacrifice $5,250 to his super in addition to the SG payments he already receives. The total concessional contribution will be $10,000. In Joe’s case:
- Joe’s total salary package including super is still $54,750.
- Joe’s assessable income is reduced by $5,250 and he therefore will pay less income tax.
- The employer’s total super contribution on behalf of Joe is $10,000 (note: this will be a concessional contribution), and
- Joe’s employer’s tax deductions will remain unchanged.
The benefits of a salary sacrifice into super come from increasing the employer contribution amount above the compulsory Superannuation Guarantee amount (see fact sheet ‘Super Guarantee’) without increasing the cost to the employer. However when you go into a salary sacrifice arrangement into super, it is important to make sure both you and your employer understand what the total employer contribution and the effects to your overall salary package will be.
Salary sacrifice arrangements are made between you and your employer on terms that both parties agree to. The agreement should be in writing. Your employer is required to make SG contributions into your super fund at least four times a year. Where additional contributions to super are made, whether from your before or after tax income, they should be remitted to the fund within 28 days of the end of the month to which the contributions applied. (refer to fact sheet 'Employer Super Responsibilities' below)
If you qualify for the super co-contribution, it may be worthwhile looking into making a personal (Non Concessional) contribution from your after tax income. As salary sacrifice into Superannuation is a reportable contribution, the amount sacrificed must be added back to income to determine eligibility to the Co-Contribution. For more information see the factsheet ‘’ below.
For information visit the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) website at www.ato.gov.au